A Irony as a Metamodern Aspect in Kay Ryan’s Selected Poems

Authors

  • Res. Wasen Abdul Hamza University of Wasit/ College of Education for Human Sciences/ Department of English Language and Literature/ Iraq
  • Prof. Dr. Sahar Abdul Ameer Haraj University of Al-Qadisyiah, College of Education, Dept. of English, Iraq

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31185/lark.Vol3.Iss51.2740

Keywords:

Kay Ryan, Irony, Meta-modernism, Post-modernism

Abstract

Metamodernism has been defined as a set of developments in philosophy, aesthetics and culture which have emerged from and are reacting to postmodernism. It is a recent current in contemporary literary theory and culture and together with postmodernism have become the two most predominant modes of present critical analysis. As a critical/cultural sensibility, metamodernism has been recognized as a new entrant to the writing of literary works in addition to the academic study of literature.

 In this paper, metamodernism is explored as one of postmodernism‘s proposed successors, in theory and practice. This paper highlights the basic poetics of metamodernism and tries to apply them to the analysis of Kay Ryan's selected  poems.  In specific , irony is explored in this paper as one of the metamodern aspects. Though reference is made to some of the major heralds of metamodernism, the primary model which will be discussed and utilized for interpretation is that construed by Timotheus Vermeulen and Van den Akker in their pioneering paper "Notes on Metamodernism" (2010)   

References

Attardo, S. (2002). “Humor and irony in interaction: from mode adoption to failure of detection,” in Say Not to Say: New Perspectives on Miscommunication, eds L. Anolli, R. Ciceri, and G. Riva (Amsterdam: IOS Press), 159–179.

Beermann, U., and Ruch, W. (2009). How virtuous is humor? What we can learn from current instruments. J. Posit. Psychol. 4, 528–539. doi: 10.1080/17439760903262859.

Bran Nicol (2009), The Cambridge Introduction to Postmodern Fiction, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge California. .pp.50-52

Bryant, Gregory. 2011. Verbal irony in the wild. Pragmatics and Cognition 19. 291–309.

Carcanet, 2012.Odd Blocks‏.Kay Ryan.

Carty, J. (Interviewer) & Ryan, K. (Interviewee). (2006). Cooling the surface, tending the cracks: An interview with Kay Ryan. Drunken Boat No. 11 [Interview Transcript]. Retrieved from http://www.drunkenboat.com/db11/04kay/kay/interview.php

Ceriello, Linda C. (2018-05-30), Toward a metamodern reading of Spiritual but Not Religious mysticisms, Being Spiritual but Not Religious, Routledge, pp. 200–218,

Chai, B. (Interviewer) & Ryan, K. (Interviewee). (2011). Pulitzer winner Kay Ryan on poetry, rhyming, and terminal cancer. The Wall Street Journal, April 19. Retrieved from http://blogs.wsj.com/speakeasy/2011/04/19/pulitzer-winner-kay-ryan-on poetry-rhyming-and-terminal-cancer/

Christopher Butler (2002), Postmodernism: A Very Short Introduction, Oxford University Press Oxford.pp256-258

Colston, H. (2000). “Dewey defeats Truman”: Interpreting ironic restatement, Journal of Language and Social Psychology. v. 19 (1). p. 1563.

Dobyns, S. (2011). Next word, better word: The craft of writing poetry. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillian. p.74-77.

Dynel, M. The Irony of Irony: Irony Based on Truthfulness. Corpus Pragmatics 1, 3–36 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s41701-016-0003-6

Elephant rocks‏ Kay Ryan‏. Grove Press, 1996‏.https://books.google.com.eg/books?hl=ar&lr=&id=NyojMbgW9C8C&oi=fnd&pg=PA1&dq=info:CCYIpW4djF8J:scholar.google.com/&ots=z7i_W-bqRI&sig=q8yz5qUhoSzTH2RtCcvrdOiSXYM&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q&f=false

Essay by Dana Gioia "Discovering Kay Ryan". First published in The Dark Horse journal (No. 7, Winter 1998–99).

Febleron,Nadine. (2012). “To Engage in Literature.”Notes on Metamodernism. Retrieved from http://www. metamodernism.com/2012/05/29/to-engage-in-literature/.p32.35.

Hall, D. (1988). Poetry and ambition: Essays 1982-88. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.

Halstead, Richard (September 23, 2007). "Kay Ryan rises to the top despite her refusal to compromise". Marin Independent Journal. Archived from the original on July 29, 2008. Retrieved July 18, 2008.

Hassan, Ihab. (1987). The Postmodern Turn:Essays in Postmodern Theory and Culture. Ohio: Ohio State University Press.

Heintz, S. (2017b). Putting a spotlight on daily humor behaviors: dimensionality and relationships with personality, subjective well-being, and humor styles. Pers. Individ. Dif. 104, 407–412. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2016.08.042

https://books.google.com.eg/books?hl=ar&lr=&id=E7duBgAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PT163&dq=info:i0o2hHz27_cJ:scholar.google.com/&ots=sGnL4MfRDa&sig=d5t8k213PvU8QX-3eHkX51RaiJY&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q&f=false

Hutcheon, Linda (2002). The Politics of Postmodernism. New York: Routledge. p. 166.

James, David, and Urmila Seshagiri. “Metamodernism: Narratives of Continuity and Revolution.” PMLA 129, no. 1 (2014): 87–100.

Jeffrey T. Nealon (2012), Post-Postmodernism or the cultural logic of just in time capitalism, Stanford University Press, Stanford,

Jonathan Bignell (2007), Postmodern Media Culture, Edinburgh University Press

Kadagishvili, Dali. (2013). “Metamodernism as We Perceive It”. European Scientific Journal, vol.2, 558-565.

Kay Ryan reading at the 2010 Key West Literary Seminar (29:52).

Klages, Mary. (2001). “Postmodernism”. Web. Retrieved from file:///C:/Users/user/Desktop/ Klages% 20on% 20Postmodernism.html

Krupnick, Matt (September 20, 2011). "Marin poet Kay Ryan awarded $500,000 'genius' grant".

Larry A. Hickman (2007), Pragmatism as Post-Postmodernism, Fordham University Press, New York.

Lehrer, J. (Producer). (2009, March 25). Newshour with Jim Lehrer: Kay Ryan discusses her new poems [Television broadcast]. Arlington, VA: MacNeil/Lehrer Productions. p.p.90-94

Line Dancing: Reading Line Breaks on the Page and on the Stage Developed by John S. O’Connor, 2014‏.

Lund, E. (2004). Poet Kay Ryan: A profile. The Christian Science Monitor.

Marcin Komanda (2013), Postmodern view of the nature of the Internet as a source of information, Proceedding of the International Scientific Conference on MMk, vol. IV, Hradec Kralove.

McGurl, M. (2009). The program era: Postwar fiction and the rise of creative writing. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. pp.69.

Penny Pexman, Melvin J Yap, and Ian Hargreaves.2011. Is more always better? Effects of semantic richness on lexical decision, speeded pronunciation, and semantic classification. pp. 1252.1255.

President Obama to Award 2012 National Medal of Arts and National Humanities Medal Whitehouse.gov.

Proyer, R. T., and Ruch, W. (2009). Intelligence and gelotophobia: the relations of self-estimated and psychometrically measured intelligence to the fear of being laughed at. Humor

Review of The Best of It by Dwight Garner in The New York Times,2010

Downloads

Published

2023-09-30

Issue

Section

west languages

How to Cite

Wasen Abdul Hamza , R., & Sahar Abdul Ameer Haraj, P. D. (2023). A Irony as a Metamodern Aspect in Kay Ryan’s Selected Poems . Lark, 15(6), 900-890. https://doi.org/10.31185/lark.Vol3.Iss51.2740