Gnosticism in Modern Poetry Adonis and Khazal Al-Majidi as a Model


  • Assi.Prof. Dr Hutham Bader College of Political Science/Al-Nahrain University



Gnosticism, poetry, Adonis, Khazal Al-Majidi


This research focuses on the meaning of the term Gnosticism and the genesis of the word, as well as the influence of Gnostic poetry on the modern poet. The origin of the word Gnostic, it's not Arabic, it's translated to the Greek world Gnosticism and its meaning knowledge. The idiomatic meaning of the word was adopted, and those seeking the explanation of this term will discover that it has multiple definitions due to the word's ambiguity. A scholar of poetry in general, and Sufi poetry in particular, cannot ignore the importance of interpretation, which is necessary to comprehend the meanings and mysteries of poetry. According to some, Sufi and poetic experiences are similar in numerous ways, and numerous researchers have discussed these similarities in their studies on the relationship between Sufism and poetry. As a result, we have followed the Gnostic poetic experience of both the Arab poet Adonis and the Iraqi poet Khazal Al-Majidi in their respective poetry collections (Khazael). The reason for focusing on these two groups, in particular, is that the poet Adonis published his poetry collection (This is My Name) after reaching the age of forty, and he was given the Alawie name (Ali), which has meanings in the Alawia sect, which is strongly tied to Sufism and Gnosticism. While the poet (Khazal Al-Majidi) composed this collection amid the Iran-Iraq war and his overpowering sense of impending death, he acknowledged this fact numerous times in his book (The Poetic Mind) and the introduction to his poetry collection (Khazael).


المصـــــادر والمراجع :

• أدونيس .(1988). هذا هو اسمي . دار الآداب للنشر والتوزيع . بيروت – لبنان .

• سالم ، حلمي .(2005).حركة الشعر العربي الحديث ..النشأة . مهرجان القرين الثقافي الثاني عشر .المجلس الوطني للثقافة .الكويت

• السواح ، فراس .(2016) .طريق اخوان الصفا ، المدخل إلى الغنوصية الإسلامية .ط3. دار التكوين للتأليف والترجمة والنشر دمشق – سوريا .

• العيسى ، راشد .(2002).الخطاب الصوفي في الشعر المعاصر .وزارة الثقافة . عمان – الأردن.

• غربال ، محمد شفيق(1965). الموسوعة العربية الميسرة .ط1. دار القلم ومؤسسة فرانكلين للطباعة والنشر.القاهرة–مصر.

• الغويل ،عبد الله عبد الرحمن .(2015) . التوظيف الصوفي في الشعر العربي الحديث . المجلة العلمية لكلية التربية – العدد الرابع .جامعة مصراتة- ليبيا.

• الماجدي ، خزعل (2004) العقل الشعري (الكتاب الثاني ). دار الشؤون الثقافية العامة . بغداد - العراق .

• الماجدي ، خزعل (2012). خزائيل/ الجزء الرابع .المؤسسة العربية للدراسات والنشر . بيروت- لبنان

• ملكاوي ، محمد أحمد محمد.(2012).الغنوصية نشأتها وصلتها بالفلسفة اليونانية .مجلة كلية دار العلوم. مصر.

• نغرين ، جيووايد .(1985). ماني والمانوية . ت: سهيل زكار .ط1. دار حسان للطباعة والنشر .


-Adonis. (1988). this is my name . Dar Al-Adab for publication and distribution. Beirut, Lebanon.

-Al-Ghawil, Abdullah Abdul-Rahman. (2015). Sufi employment in modern Arabic poetry. The Scientific Journal of the College of Education - Fourth Issue. University of Misurata – Libya.

-Al-Issa, Rashid. (2002). The Sufi Speech in Contemporary Poetry. The Ministry of Culture. Oman Jordan.

-Al-Majidi, Khazal (2004) The poetic mind (the second book). House of General Cultural Affairs. Baghdad, Iraq.

-Al-Majidi, Khazal (2012). Khaza'el/ Part IV. The Arab Foundation for Studies and Publishing. Beirut, Lebanon.

-Al-Sawah, Firas. (2016). The Path of the Safa Brothers, Introduction to Islamic Gnosticism, 3rd Edition. Dar Al-Takween for writing, translation and publishing, Damascus – Syria.

-Ghorbal, Muhammad Shafiq (1965). The Facilitated Arabic Encyclopedia, 1st Edition. Dar Al-Qalam and Franklin Foundation for Printing and Publishing. Cairo, Egypt.

-Malkawi, Muhammad Ahmad Muhammad. (2012). Gnosticism: Its Origin and Relationship to Greek Philosophy. Journal of Dar Al Uloom College. Egypt.

-Negrin, Jewed. (1985). Mani and Manichaeism. T: Sohail Zakar, 1st floor. Dar Hassan for printing and publishing>

-Salem, Helmy (2005). The Modern Arab Poetry Movement.. Origin. The 12th Qurain Cultural Festival. The National Council of Culture. Kuwait.







How to Cite

Hutham Bader, A. D. (2022). Gnosticism in Modern Poetry Adonis and Khazal Al-Majidi as a Model. Lark, 14(1), 122-104.