Geographical Deportation of Migration Phenomenon in Iraq after 2003

Authors

  • Lect. Dr. Hossam Sabbar Hadi University of Dhi Qar/ College of Arts
  • Prof. Dr. Adnan Inad Ghayyad Al-Uqaili Basra University-College of Arts

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31185/lark.Vol2.Iss45.2261

Keywords:

external migration, internal migration, displacement, forced displacement, net migration, migration effectiveness.

Abstract

The study aims to monitor the volume of internal and external population movements in Iraq during the period (2003 - 2020), and try to identify the waves of displacement and forced displacement of the population and the extent of their temporal and spatial variation between governorates, and to identify the reasons behind them, and their effects, at the internal and external levels.

The data issued by the Iraqi Ministry of Migration and Displacement was relied upon using a number of statistical methods that are among the basic components of geographical work, including the Pearson simple correlation coefficient and the Student coefficient, in addition to employing many other mathematical standards and indicators.

The outcome of the final study showed that the volume of outgoing immigration exceeded the incoming immigration during the studied period, as the number of immigrants outside the country reached about (2,252,218) immigrants, by (453,806) families, while the number of arrivals for the same period did not exceed (750,439) immigrants, by (139,204) families. In other words, the total net external migration amounted to (-1,501,779) immigrants, and about (-314,602) families, i.e. approximately (69.4%) of the immigrant families preferred to integrate with the receiving societies.

On the other side, the results of internal migration revealed a large wave of displacement and migration during the same period, which was described as the worst in the contemporary history of Iraq, where the number of internally displaced persons and migrants reached (7,611,780) migrants, which constitutes (18.9%) of the country’s total population in 2020.

References

قائمة المصادر:

First: books and periodicals

Ismail, Khaled and others, The Great Displacement - The Crisis of the Displaced in Iraq after the ISIS War, 1st Edition, Biladi Center for Strategic Studies and Research, Baghdad, 2016.

Al-Khazar, Fahd Mizban Khazar, The crisis of internal displacement in Iraq after the occupation of Mosul, June 2014- Causes and sustainable solutions, Midad Al-Adab Journal, University of Basra, Center for Basra and Arabian Gulf Studies, special issue of conferences, 2018-2019.

Al-Saadi, Riyadh Ibrahim, Internal migration of the population in Iraq 1947-1965, 1st edition, Dar Al-Salaam Press, Baghdad, 1976.

Al-Saadi, Abbas Fadel, the relationship between internal migration currents and distance in Iraq in 1997, Adab Al-Farahidi Journal, University of Baghdad, No. 10, 2012.

Salloum, Saad, Violence against minorities in Iraq, Masarat Foundation for Cultural and Media Development, Baghdad, 2016.

Al-Esawy, Fayez Muhammad, Foundations of Population Geography, University Knowledge House, Alexandria, 2009.

Mustafa, Adnan Yassin, Sustainable Development Goals 2015-2030, Al-Ratwah Center for Studies and Consultations, Baghdad, 2016.

Musa, Hassan Ali, Quantitative Methods in Geography, Damascus University Press, Syria, 2007.

U. N., World Population Monitoring 1997, New York, 1998.

Second: Government and international publications and reports

The United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI), Bulletin of Humanitarian Affairs in Iraq, September/2005.

Republic of Iraq, Ministry of Planning and Development Cooperation, Central Agency for Statistics and Information Technology, Annual Statistical Collection, Population and Workforce Statistics, Table (6/2)c, 2013.

Republic of Iraq, Ministry of Planning, National Development Plan 2018-2022, Central Statistical Organization Press, Baghdad, 2018.

Republic of Iraq, Ministry of Planning, Central Statistical Organization, Annual Statistical Group, Population and Labor Force Statistics for the year 1997, table (2/3).

Republic of Iraq, Ministry of Justice, Iraqi Gazette, Article 64 of Civil Status Law No. (189) of 1964.

Republic of Iraq, Ministry of Migration and Displacement, Information and Research Department, Statistics Department and Data Bank, unpublished data 2020.

Republic of Iraq, Ministry of Migration and Displacement, Department of Information and Research, Ninth Report, Baghdad, 2008

Republic of Iraq, Ministry of Migration and Displacement, Branch Affairs Department, Governorate Departments (Northern, Central, Southern, Middle Euphrates and Kurdistan Region Governorates), Department of Return and Integration Affairs, unpublished data 2020.

Republic of Iraq, Ministry of Migration and Displacement, Branch Affairs Department, Monitoring and Follow-up Division, unpublished data 2020.

Republic of Iraq, Ministry of Migration and Displacement, Department of Migration Affairs, Departments of External Migration and Academic Competencies, unpublished data 2020.

International Organization for Migration - Iraq, IDP Tracking Matrix, Round 88, January 2019.

World Health Organization, The health crisis in Iraq, a report on the situation of the internally displaced population in Iraq, issue (10), 2017.

United Nations Document ADD.2/53/1998/E/CN4, paragraph 2, dated 17 April 1998.

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Published

2022-03-31

Issue

Section

Geography

How to Cite

Hossam Sabbar Hadi, L. D. ., & Adnan Inad Ghayyad Al-Uqaili , P. D. (2022). Geographical Deportation of Migration Phenomenon in Iraq after 2003. Lark, 14(1), 933-877. https://doi.org/10.31185/lark.Vol2.Iss45.2261