Intertextuality In Ana'am Kujaji Novel '' Al- Nabedah '' '' The Untouchable ''


  • Researcher Researcher Ala'a Rasheed Jallab Sobeih Wasit University/ College of Arts/ Arabic language department
  • Prof Dr. Mohammed Ridha Al-Awsi Wasit University/ College of Arts/ Department of Arabic Language



Intertextuality with history, Intertextuality with the religious inherited, Intertextuality with literature


The text overlap or intertextuality is a critical term that appeared in the middle of the 20th century to form a stylistic artistic technique that imposed itself in the field of literary studies. It is a concept that is based on texts overlap and their coherence and it is a textual correlation between two or more texts to produce a new creative text and the new text absorbs or transforms another text to create new indications that can realize the artistic and the aesthetic values in the literary text. Intertextuality is a crucial concept because every literary text depends on the previous concurrent texts. The current research aims to follow the images of intertextuality in the novel because the writer was aaffected by many backgrounds, the historical, the religious, and the literary backgrounds. The research aims to uncover the most prominent mechanisms that the writer uses in the novelist text to send many sides of the novel to the readers. The researcher studies the most prominent techniques of recruitment that the writer based on and her aim in using the different types of intertextuality (the historical, the religious, and the literary) depending on the descriptive-analytical approach.



-Holy Quran

A- Novels

Kujaji. The Untouchable. The New House Press. Beirut. First Edition. 2017.

B- Books

Al- jerjani. The Secret of Rhetoric. Al-Madaney Press. Jeddah. 1947.

. The Academy of Science in Soviet Union. The Contemporary History of Arab Countries (1917-1970) . Al- Faraby Press. Beirut. Second Edition. 2019.

Takoosh. The History of Iraq ( The Modern and The Contemporary ). Al-Nafa'is Press. Beirut. First Edition. 2015.

Al-Sihemey. Baptism for Christians. Al-Maddinah Al-Nabawia Press. Cairo. 2009.

Ibn Ashoor. Interpretation of Liberation and Enlightenment. The Tunisian House Press. Tunis. 1984.

. Ibrahim. My Orthodox Church, How Beautiful You Are. Noobar House Press. Cairo. First Edition. 2002.

Al-Akhdar. The Diary of Ahmed Bin Bellah. The Literature House Press. Beirut.

Al-Jujry. Hugo Chavez The Lion of Venezuela and The Terrible of America, ( Secrets of the victory of the Revolution in Latin America with Pictures, Documents and Testimonies ). The House of the Arabic Book Press. Cairo. First Edition. 2007.

C- The Theses

Al-Alia. The Imagination of History for Wassinaey Al-Aaraj. Faculty of Arts. Abd Al- Hammed Bin Baddes University. Mistakanim. 2015-2016.

Deeb. The Techniques of Narrative in the Arabic Fictional Discourse in Palestine ( from 1994-2006). Islamic University. Faculty of Arts. Gaza. 2010.

Al-Mubashir. The Literary Intertextuality in Imam Shafi'ae Collection of Poems. Faculty of Arts and Human Sciences. Sonnen Ampel Islamic State University. Sorabia. (2018).

Al-Ubiedy. The Literary and Religious Intertextualities in Waleed Al-Sarraf's Poetry. Middle East University. Faculty of Arts and Sciences. 2016.

Bajji, Mudaris. The Religious Intertextuality in the Novel of Al-Zieny Barrakat Ghetto Beauty. Al-Jillaly Bouna'ama University. Faculty of Arts and Linguistics. Algeria. 2015, 2016.

Abu Sharrar. The Religious and Historical Intertextualities in the Poetry of Mahmoud Darwish. Al-Kalil University. The Department of Arabic Language. 2007.

Huda. Intertextuality and Its Indications In the Contemporary Algerian Novel the Novel of Gaddisha by Rabbih Darheef. Mohammed Boudhiaf University. The Faculty of Arts and Linguistics. Almassilah. 2016, 2017.

Zughde, Ubied. The Aesthetics of Intertextuality in The Poetry of Fadwa Tokkan. The University of the Martyr Hammah Lakhdar Alwadi. Faculty of Arts. 2018, 2019.

Al-Arifee. Folk poetry in the Area of Sur Al-Ghazlan, an Ethnographic Study. Mouloud Muamre University. Faculty of Arts and Linguistics. Teezee Wizoo. 2012.

Al-Barkoothy. The Phenomenon of Intertextuality in the Poetry of Khalid Bou Khalid. Beerzet University. Faculty of Arts. Beerzet. 2018.

D. Research and Periodicals

Kadhem, Kadhem. Plotting the History in the Iraqi Feminine Novel after 2003. The Journal of Human Sciences. College of Education and Human Sciences. 2017.

Al-Zubiedy. The Religious Intertextuality in the Ali Ahmed Baktheer Novel '' Red Revolutionary ''. Vice Deanship of Graduate Studies and Scientific Research. Aden University. 2010.

Abu Ghileon. The Religious Intertextuality in the Poetry of Omar Bin Abe Rabi'aa. The Journal of the Mountain for the Literary and Intelectual Studies. 2019.

Akmoosh. Psychological significance in Maryam Verse. Al-Qadisiyah Journal of Arts and Educational Sciences. 2007.

E. Electronic References

Najim. The Dialogue of the Novel and History the Problem of the Term. 2020.

Al Jazeera Media Network. Hugo Chavez.







How to Cite

Researcher Ala'a Rasheed Jallab Sobeih, R., & Mohammed Ridha Al-Awsi, P. D. (2022). Intertextuality In Ana’am Kujaji Novel ’’ Al- Nabedah ’’ ’’ The Untouchable ’’. Lark, 14(1), 415-396.