Mirroring the Self in Selected Poems by Liz Lochhead


  • Lect. Hiba Ali Hussein Department of English Language and Literature, College of Education for Humanities University of Wasit
  • Department of English Language and Literature, College of Education for Humanities University of Wasit




Mirroring the self, feminism, narcissistic text, Liz Lochhead



This paper presents the use of the theory of self-reflexivity in selected poems. The term reflexivity covers the whole range from reflection, self-reference, and self-reflectiveness and sometimes it gets mixed with self-reflexivity. Similarly, each one of these terms is closely connected with consciousness and self-consciousness. This study aims to deal with self-reflexivity and how it is employed in Selected poems by Liz Lochhead “Morning After”, “Mirror’s Song”, and “Object”. The study provides a psychological, linguistic and literary analysis of these poems and points out the use of a narcissistic text to attract the attention of its readers into how it was produced and received. The study arrives at showing how the poet started to question the patriarchal traditions in her society. She reflected her own ideas and experience concerning the oppression of the patriarchal system and created ways to express herself using a new perspective that is women’s own perspective.









Metrics Loading ...



BBC. 2014. Liz Lochhead. Retrieved from

https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/profiles/3YbRQ6DbdwhCVyzFYG9dc2/liz-lochhead .

Çevik, E. (2015). Liz Lochhead: Sexual Politics in Modern Scottish Poetry. Palacky University Olomouc.

Davidson, C. (2017). Scottish Gothic an Edinburgh Companion. Edinburgh

University Press.

Doniger, W. (2019). Kali. Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved from


Gifford, D. & McMillan, D. (1997). A History of Scottish Women’s Writing. Edinburgh

University Press.

Gill, J. (2007). Women’s Poetry. Edinburgh University Press Ltd.

MacDougall, C. (2004). Writing Scotland: How Scotland’s Writers Shaped the

Nation. Polygon.

Lacan, J. (1949). The Mirror Stage as Formative of the I Function. London: W. W.

Norton & Company.

Lochhead, L. (1972). Memo for Spring. Macdonald Printers.

Lochhead, L. (2003). The colour of black & white. The Polygon imprint.

Lochhead, L. (2012). A Choosing. Polygon.

McGuire, M. (2000). Contemporary Scottish Literature. Basingstoke: Palgrave


Mcculloch, M. P. (2001). Women and Scottish Poetry, 1972-1999. The Irish

Review, 28, 58-74.

Nicholson, C. (2007). Towards a Scottish Theatrocracy: Edwin Morgan and Liz Lochhead. In B. Schoene (Ed.), The Edinburgh Companion to Contemporary Scottish

Literature, EUP.

Pugliese, M. (2013). Rewriting Medea: Toni Morrison and Liz Lochhead's Post

Modern Perspectives. Universal Publishers.

Riach, A. (2015) Mr and Mrs Scotland are taking a vacation in the autonomous

region. In R. Falconer (Ed.). Kathleen Jamie: Essays and Poems on Her

Work. Edinburgh University Press.

Rotella, M. Abbott, Ch. & Gold, S. (2000). Rey of The Mirror: A History by

Sabine Melochior-Bonnet. Publishors Weekly, 64, 247-251.

Skoulding, Z. (2004). The Mirror Trade. Seren.

Varty, A. (2013). The Edinburgh Companion to Liz Lochhead. Edinburgh

University Press Ltd.

Watson, R. (2010). Three Scottish Poets. Canongate Book.




How to Cite

Hiba Ali Hussein, L., & Assistant professor , S. S. H. (2021). Mirroring the Self in Selected Poems by Liz Lochhead. Lark, 1(44), 1131–1112. https://doi.org/10.31185/lark.Vol1.Iss44.1981