Happiness in the Theater of Albert Camus

Authors

  • أ.م.د. ذكاء متعب حسين Professor in the French Department /the Faculty of Languages / University of Baghdad

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31185/lark.Vol3.Iss51.3230

Keywords:

Keywords: Albert Camus, happiness, theatre, rebellion and absurdity

Abstract

The research aims to study the happiness in the theater of Albert Camus, who is considered as one of the most famous French novelists of the 20th century. Camus’s novels and philosophical essays discuss and explore human aspirations for justice and freedom in the face of the absurd destiny of man at a time of calamities and crises after World War II. He made significant contributes to literature with his novels and his famous philosophical essays for which he received the Nobel Prize.

He wrote four plays Caligula, The Misunderstanding, The State of Siege and The Just Assassins. Camus’s theatrical works were did not popularied to the same degree as his novels and essays. Therefore, we see that it is not right to ignore his theatrical writings, because we believe that studying them sheds light on an important aspect of his thought and philosophy. The importance of studying this subject lies in the exceptional step recorded by the four plays of Albert Camus' composition which is fortunate given how highly he valued the theatre in providing him with personal happiness. The question we posed in this study is how did Albert Camus use theatre to achieve his objective of happiness?

In the first chapter, we dealt with the study of the beginnings of Camus Albert who distinguished himself by his positive existential ideas in the face of the nihilistic viewpoint that was espoused in the literary production of his contemporaries. The second chapter included an analysis of the narration mechanism by choosing the narrative scheme to follow the development of the characters' ideas to the point of rebellion that leads to a feeling of "happiness". In the third chapter, we review the happiness in order to get his desired type proposed by the writer and the role of his constructive existential ideas in the face of absurdity and annihilation.

At the end of this study, we have come to present a new reading of Camus' theatre, calling for living with an optimistic view away from the absurd, as there is no happiness for man except in the service of humanity.

References

Albert Camus, Œuvres complètes IV (1957-1959), Paris, bibliothèque de la Pléiade, 2008.

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Barles Florian, mémoire de Master juin 2009 à l’université de Lyon 2 sous le titre « La diffusion culturel de l’œuvre théâtrale d’Albert Camus en France 1944-1960 ».

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Sitographie

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Published

2023-09-30

Issue

Section

west languages

How to Cite

ذكاء متعب حسين أ. (2023). Happiness in the Theater of Albert Camus. Lark, 15(6), 718-690. https://doi.org/10.31185/lark.Vol3.Iss51.3230