Punishments and punishments in the Holy Qur’an and the Old Testament


  • Prof. Dr. Faeza Abdulameer Nayyef Al-Hudeeb University of Baghdad - College of Languages Hebrew department




punishment, Old Testament, retribution


Punishment in human life was not an emergency or something new. But it has accompanied man since his birth. With the existence of man on earth, he had a clear idea of ​​two basic things in life:

First: A good deed is matched by (reward).

Second: The bad deed is matched by (punishment).

And that the principle of punishment is related to the life and survival of man, as the Holy Qur’an referred to in the Almighty’s saying (And there is life for you in retribution, O men of understanding) just as the Holy Qur’an referred to punishment, the Book of the Old Testament also referred to punishment, most of which are in three books: Exodus, Deuteronomy, and Leviticus. Most of them are related to the commandments of the Lord to Moses, and the provisions that the Lord commanded Moses to put before his people were mentioned in three chapters in the Book of Exodus. The purpose of punishments in the Noble Qur’an and the Old Testament book was to establish justice among people.


المصادر :

القران الكريم

العهد القديم

- ابن فارس(2008) ، مقاييس اللغة ، ط دار الحديث ، القاهرة .

- ابن منظور(2001) ، لسان العرب ، ط بولاق ، ع 4.

– الخولي، د. جمعة علي (1981)، الحدود في الإسلام ، مجلة الجامعة الإسلامية بالمدينة المنورة – ربيع الآخر – رمضان.

- عودة ،عبد القادر(1969) ، عودة التشريع الجنائي ، القاهرة ، دار المعارف العامة .

- مصطفى ،محمود(1983) ، شرح قانون العقوبات ، القسم العام ، دار النهضة ، القاهرة ، ط10 ، 1983 .

– عبد الباقي ،محمد فؤاد(2007) ، المعجم المفهرس لالفاظ القران الكريم ، القاهرة ، دار الحديث .

المصادر العبرية

– תורת נבאים וכתובים , לונדון , 1978 .

المصادر الانكليزية والانترنت

- Ronald , e .(1972) elements , exodus , the camridge bible commentary , cambradge .

- Browen , F , S , R. , Driver And Brggs,(1951) Hebrew And English Lexicon Of The Old Testament (BDB), Oxford .

- www.al – eman.com






Oriental languages

How to Cite

Faeza Abdulameer Nayyef Al-Hudeeb, P. D. (2022). Punishments and punishments in the Holy Qur’an and the Old Testament. Lark, 14(4), 719-708. https://doi.org/10.31185/lark.Vol3.Iss46.2597